How Long Does Pre-Workout Take to Kick in?" Well, it Depends...
How Long Does Pre-Workout Take to Kick In?" Clarifying a Nuanced Question
Imagine this: You’ve just taken your favorite Transparent Labs pre-workout supplement, and you’re now waiting for that magical pep to kick in so you can crush it in the gym. But how long does pre-workout take to kick in, exactly?
In the context of pre-workout formulas, the term "kick in" can loosely be defined as the time it takes—after bolus ingestion—for the effects of these supplements to become apparent. Pre-workout timing is critical for maximizing efficacy and getting your money's worth, particularly if you take a caffeine-containing pre-workout formula.
Understanding the factors affecting pre-workout "kick-in time" will help you fine-tune your dosing regimen and make the most of every training session. In this blog post, we’ll explore these factors to provide clarity on when you should take pre-workout supplements.
Individual metabolism, pre-workout formula/active ingredients, caffeine sensitivity, and food-drug/drug-drug interactions are major factors affecting pre-workout "kick-in times."
As a general rule of thumb, most pre-workouts—especially those that contain caffeine—kick in within 15-30 minutes (which correlates to the fairly rapid oral absorption of caffeine) . The effects will be slightly delayed if you eat a generously sized pre-workout meal beforehand.
Common non-stimulant pre-workout ingredients such as beta-alanine, taurine, betaine anhydrous, and L-citrulline tend to have more predictable pharmacokinetics than caffeine and other stimulants.
You will need to experiment a bit to find the optimal pre-workout dosing regimen.
Factors Affecting Pre-Workout "Kick-In Time"
Several factors, such as individual metabolism, body size, caffeine sensitivity, and fasting, can significantly influence the time it takes for your pre-workout to kick in. By understanding these factors, you can optimize your pre-workout intake to ensure maximum benefits during your training sessions.
Individual metabolism broadly refers to the rate at which your body processes (read: metabolizes) and utilizes nutrients or substrates for physiological functioning. One of the main metabolic factors affecting pre-workout kick-in time is the rate of caffeine absorption and elimination .
In healthy, non-smoking adults, caffeine enters the circulation quite rapidly (i.e. within minutes if taken on an empty stomach) and reaches peak plasma concentrations roughly an hour after dosing . However, there are many known genotype variations of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, the primary enzyme that metabolizes caffeine to its principal metabolite, paraxanthine . These genetic variants are suggested to account for a majority of human inter-individual differences in caffeine metabolism.
Other factors, notably smoking, the use of botanical supplements, age, sex, race/ethnicity, body size, and total caffeine intake, are also known to affect caffeine metabolism and response .
Most pre-workout supplements also contain non-stimulant ingredients like L-citrulline and beta-alanine, which have less variable absorption rates and metabolic fates in humans than stimulants like caffeine. As such, the effects of stim-free pre-workouts kick in within about 30 minutes and typically last for several hours, but the "perceived" effects are less pronounced than those produced by stim-based pre-workout supplements.
Caffeine Sensitivity and Tolerance
Caffeine tolerance plays a significant role in determining the effectiveness of pre-workout supplements. "Caffeine tolerance" refers to the body’s adaptation to regular caffeine consumption, resulting in a need for progressively larger doses of caffeine to elicit a (sub)maximal physiological response.
Hence, people who habitually consume caffeine may require larger doses of pre-workout supplements to achieve the desired effects. On the other hand, those with a low caffeine tolerance should start with a modest dose and gradually increase it as needed to avoid potential side effects such as jitters, anxiety, and sleep disturbances.
Meal Timing (Empty Stomach vs. Fed State)
Taking pre-workout on an empty stomach can lead to faster absorption and stronger effects, as there is no food present in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to slow down the digestion process. However, this can also cause discomfort for some individuals, as various ingredients in pre-workout supplements may irritate the linings of the stomach and small intestines.
To balance the benefits of faster absorption while mitigating GI discomfort, try consuming a light, easily digestible snack before taking your pre-workout supplement. If that doesn't help, eat a moderate-sized pre-workout meal about 90-120 minutes before taking your pre-workout supplement.
Alternatively, you might find that taking pre-workout while fasting works best for your body; if that's the case, roll with it!
Food-Drug and Drug-Drug Interactions
The ubiquity of multi-ingredient pre-workouts has raised concerns about possible food-drug and drug-drug interactions. For example, there are many drugs and plant constituents that inhibit or induce CYP1A2, which alters how the body metabolizes caffeine . This, among other reasons, is why you should consult with your primary care physician before using any supplements, especially if you're taking prescription medications.
Pre-Workout Forms and Absorption Rates
Pre-workout supplements are a subclass of dietary supplements designed to enhance physical and mental performance (e.g. strength, stamina, and focus). Given the larger serving sizes of pre-workouts, they most commonly come as a powder formulation that mixes in water.
However, there are encapsulated pre-workouts and ready-to-drink options (the latter of which is essentially the same as a powder formula mixed in water). The absorption rates of these different forms can vary, with capsules generally taking longer to kick in compared to powders and ready-to-drink varieties.
Another option, albeit not for the faint of heart, is taking pre-workout supplements via "dry scoop" and chasing it with water. This is largely a personal preference for individuals who don't enjoy the taste of their pre-workout powder, but it might also be practical if you're on the road/traveling and don't have a shaker cup on hand.
Signs Your Pre-Workout Has "Kicked In"
You may wonder how to tell when the supplement has kicked in/taken effect. Thankfully, it's pretty straightforward; you should notice an acute difference (read: increase) in energy levels, mental focus, heart rate, and tingling sensations on the skin, specifically if the formula contains beta-alanine. Monitor these common pre-workout effects and adjust your dosage timing accordingly to optimize your performance in the gym.
Pre-Workout Timing Frequently Asked Questions
"Q: Do you have to wait 30 minutes before exercising after taking a pre-workout?"
A: Caffeine is a popular stimulant in many pre-workout supplements due to its ability to enhance energy levels, mental focus, and physical performance. It takes approximately 20-30 minutes for caffeine to take effect in pre-workout supplements, with blood concentrations peaking around the 60-minute mark (on an empty stomach).
Therefore, it's wise to drink your pre-workout supplement about 30 minutes before you start training (assuming it takes ~10 minutes to finish your pre-workout drink).
Q: "Can pre-workouts kick-in in 10 minutes?"
A: You can take pre-workout supplements 10 minutes before starting your workout, but this is not ideal. To ensure that the supplement has time to be fully absorbed, it is best to take it about 30 minutes before exercising.
Q: "How long do pre-workouts last?"
A: On average, the effects of pre-workout supplements last between 1.5 to 2.5 hours, but may last up to 5 hours depending on the ingredients and dosages. It's best to time your pre-workout intake so that the effects reach their peak once you've finished warming up for your workout.
Experimenting with Pre-Workout Supplements
As we’ve mentioned throughout this blog post, individual factors like metabolism, caffeine tolerance, and meal timing can greatly influence the kick-in time of pre-workout supplements. Being in-tune with these factors is crucial for maximizing your exercise performance and achieving your fitness goals.
Therefore, it’s essential to experiment with different doses, timings, and pre-workout formulas to find the best combination for you. Remember, some people might be more sensitive to the stimulating effects of high-caffeine pre-workouts compared to others.
As such, we strongly recommend starting with a half serving of whatever pre-workout supplement you initially take. If the effects are underwhelming, try a full serving before your next workout and reassess. The key is finding a "sweet-spot dose" where the benefits are maximized and adverse effects are absent/minimal.